The charred and blackened timbers of buildings have been removed, but the scars will remain in the minds of some Londoners for a long time to come. For four nights last August, thousands of rioters ran amok through the streets of London. Copycat outbreaks took place in Birmingham, Manchester, Nottingham and Bristol. After looting and vandalising shops, hooded youths proceeded to torch what remained. Well-organized thugs deliberately attacked police and fire-crews.